Clinical, histochemical and ultrastructural findings concerning 14 cases with diagnosis of Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia are described. According to the clinical features the patients have been rated in two groups: the first including subjects with isolated ptosis or ptosis with external ophthalmoplegia and the second including subjects with a spreading of the muscular deficit and involvement of the neck and limbs. The most frequent histological and histochemical features are type I fibre atrophy, ragged-red fibres, DPNH-diaphorase reaction disorders and abnormal accumulation of lipids into the fibres. Electron microscopy reveals myofibrillar disorganization and clusters of polymorphous, abnormal mitochondria. In five cases mitochondria contain a variety of crystalline inclusions. Correlations between clinical data and histochemical and ultrastructural findings are discussed. Mitochondrial abnormalities are postulated to be a characteristic physiopathological pattern in CPEO.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Schweizer Archiv fur Neurologie, Neurochirurgie und Psychiatrie|
|Publication status||Published - 1982|
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