Chronic treatment with reboxetine by osmotic pumps facilitates its effect on extracellular noradrenaline and may desensitize α 2-adrenoceptors in the prefrontal cortex

R. W. Invernizzi, S. Parini, G. Sacchetti, C. Fracasso, S. Caccia, K. Annoni, R. Samanin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

1. This study investigated the effect of acute (2 days) and chronic (14 days) treatment with a selective inhibitor of noradrenaline uptake, reboxetine (10 mg kg -1 day -1) by osmotic pumps, on extracellular noradrenaline and the sensitivity of α 2-adrenoceptors in the prefrontal cortex of rats. 2. The effect of continuous infusion of reboxetine for 14 days on cortical extracellular noradrenaline was significantly higher (599% of vehicle levels) than after 2 days (263% of vehicle levels). 3. Brain concentrations of reboxetine after 2 and 14 days of infusion were 37.9±17.8 and 37.1±7.7 ng g -1, respectively. 4. Reboxetine infused for 2 and 14 days significantly increased extracellular dopamine in the prefrontal cortex, to a similar extent (257 and 342% of vehicle levels, respectively), whereas extracellular 5-HT was not modified by either treatment. 5. Clonidine (10 and 30 μg kg -1 i.p.) reduced cortical extracellular noradrenaline similarly in animals treated with reboxetine or vehicle for 2 days whereas the effects in rats infused with reboxetine for 14 days were markedly less than in vehicle-treated animals. 6. Clonidine (0.05 and 0.2 μM), infused through the dialysis probe into the prefrontal cortex, reduced cortical extracellular noradrenaline much less in rats treated with reboxetine for 14 days than in vehicle-treated animals. 7. Reboxetine's effect on extracellular noradrenaline in the prefrontal cortex was greater after chronic treatment and could be associated with desensitization of terminal α 2-adrenoceptors that normally serve to inhibit noradrenaline release.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-188
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume132
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • α -adrenoceptors
  • Chronic treatment
  • Dopamine
  • Microdialysis
  • Noradrenaline
  • Prefrontal cortex
  • Reboxetine
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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