The effects of chronic treatment with the new sulfhydryl angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitor, zofenopril, in comparison with the classical sulfhydryl ACE-inhibitor captopril or enalapril or placebo on the development of atherosclerosis were determined in apolipoprotein-E knockout (apoE-/-) mice. Groups of 2-month-old male mice received either placebo (N=10), 0.05 mg/kg/day of zofenopril (N=10), 1 mg/kg/day of zofenopril (N=10), 5 mg/kg/day of captopril (N=10) or 0.5 mg/kg/day of enalapril (N=8). After 29 weeks of treatment, computer-assisted imaging analysis revealed that zofenopril reduced the aortic cumulative lesion area by 78% at 0.05 mg/kg/day and by 89% at 1 mg/ml/day of zofenopril compared to that of the placebo (P-/- mice. This protection was significantly higher than that reached with captopril and at lower doses of the drug. Treatment with 0.5 mg/kg/day of enalapril did not provide any protective effect.
- Apolipoprotein E-deficient mice
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine