Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) supports the survival of ciliary ganglion neurons and was shown to induce the synthesis of acute-phase proteins and fever. We studied the effect of CNTF, alone or in association with IL-1, on levels of corticosterone (CS), glucose, serum amyloid A (SAA), and IL-6. We also compared the effect of CNTF with that of IL-6, since the gp130 receptor subunit for CNTF is shared with that of IL-6. A single intravenous injection of CNTF induced hypoglycaemia and SAA and potentiated IL-1-induced CS and IL-6. Chronic CNTF, but not IL-6, resulted in decreased food intake and body weight up to days 6-7. After this time, body weight and food intake recovered even if CNTF treatment was continued, indicating that a phenomenon of tolerance occurred. Finally, CNTF (unlike IL-1) was not toxic in adrenalectomized mice. Therefore the similarities of CNTF activities with those of other cytokines, particularly IL-6, might go beyond the activation of the same receptor-signal transduction pathway of IL-6.
- acute-phase/hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Molecular Biology