Circulating Biomarkers for Tumor Angiogenesis: Where Are We?

Virginia Di Paolo, Marta Colletti, Valentina Ferruzzi, Ida Russo, Angela Galardi, Iside Alessi, Giuseppe Maria Milano, Angela Di Giannatale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In recent years, several anti-angiogenic drugs have been developed and their addition to standard treatment has been associated with clinical benefits. However, the response to anti-angiogenic therapy is characterized by considerable variability. In this context, the development of dynamic non-invasive biomarkers would be helpful to elucidate the emergence of anti-angiogenic resistance as well as to correctly address the treatment.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review is to describe current reports on circulating diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers related to angiogenesis. We further discuss how this non-invasive strategy could improve monitoring of tumor treatment and help clinical strategy.

RESULTS: We discuss the latest evidence in literature regarding circulating anti-angiogenic markers. Besides growth factor proteins, different circulating miRNAs could exert a pro- or anti-angiogenic activity so as to represent suitable candidates for a non-invasive strategy. Recent reports indicate that tumor-derived exosomes, which are small membrane vesicles abundant in biological fluids, also have an impact on vascular remodeling.

CONCLUSION: Numerous circulating biomarkers related to angiogenesis have been recently identified. Their use will allow identifying patients who are more likely to benefit from a specific anti-angiogenic treatment, as well as detecting those who will develop resistance and/or adverse effects. Nonetheless, further studies are required to elucidate the role of these biomarkers in clinical settings.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Medicinal Chemistry
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Aug 21 2018

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