Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are associated with abnormalities in peripheral blood dendritic cells in patients with inflammatory breast cancer

Michal Mego, Hui Gao, Evan N. Cohen, Simone Anfossi, Antonio Giordano, Sanda Tin, Tamer M. Fouad, Ugo De Giorgi, Mario Giuliano, Wendy A. Woodward, Ricardo H. Alvarez, Vicente Valero, Naoto T. Ueno, Gabriel N. Hortobagyi, Massimo Cristofanilli, James M. Reuben

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

CTCs are involved in tumor dissemination and are an independent prognostic factor in primary and metastatic breast cancer patients. Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most efficient antigen presenting cells and are comprised of plasmacytoid-(pDC) and myeloid-(mDC) derived DC subsets. This study aimed to correlate CTC counts with the peripheral blood DC immunophenotypes and functions of inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) patients. This study included 65 IBC patients. Peripheral blood (PB) was obtained from patients prior to starting a new line of chemotherapy for CTCs enumeration by CellSearch® and DC phenotype and function by flow cytometry; the characteristics of DCs were then correlated with CTC counts and clinical outcome. Twenty-one (32.3%) patients with CTCs ≥5 had a significantly inferior overall survival (OS) compared to patients with <5 CTCs (p=0.045). In addition, patients with ≥5 CTCs had a lower percentage of mDCs capable of producing TNF-a before or after activation through the toll-like receptor (TLR), as well as a lower percentage of mDCs producing IL-12 after TLR-activation. There was a positive correlation between CTCs counts and expression of the activation (CCR7) and costimulatory (CD86) receptors on TLR-activated mDCs and pDCs, respectively. Moreover, presence of high percentage of mDC capable to produce increased levels of TNF-a was independently associated with inferior OS (p = 0.0006). An increase in the percentage of mDC producing TNF-a might induce a proinflammatory environment that could play a role in determining the poor clinical outcome in IBC patients and could add further prognostic value to CTCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35656-35668
Number of pages13
JournalOncotarget
Volume8
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Adaptive immunity
  • Circulating tumors cells
  • Dendritic cells
  • Inflammatory breast cancer
  • Innate immunity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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  • Cite this

    Mego, M., Gao, H., Cohen, E. N., Anfossi, S., Giordano, A., Tin, S., Fouad, T. M., Giorgi, U. D., Giuliano, M., Woodward, W. A., Alvarez, R. H., Valero, V., Ueno, N. T., Hortobagyi, G. N., Cristofanilli, M., & Reuben, J. M. (2017). Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are associated with abnormalities in peripheral blood dendritic cells in patients with inflammatory breast cancer. Oncotarget, 8(22), 35656-35668.