Circulation of different rhinovirus groups among children with lower respiratory tract infection in Kiremba, Burundi

S. Esposito, C. Daleno, E. Baggi, E. Ciarmoli, A. Lavizzari, M. Pierro, M. Semino, M. Groppo, A. Scala, L. Terranova, C. Galeone, N. Principi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to collect information regarding rhinovirus (RV) circulation in children with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in Burundi, Central Africa. We enrolled all of the children aged between 1 month and 14 years who were admitted to the hospital of Kiremba, North Burundi, with fever and signs and symptoms of LRTI (i.e., cough, tachypnea, dyspnea or respiratory distress, and breathing with grunting or wheezing sounds with rales) between 1 November 2010 and 31 October 2011, and obtained nasopharyngeal swabs for RV detection by means of polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The VP4/VP2 region of the positive samples was sequenced to determine the species of RV (A, B, or C). Four hundred and sixty-two children were enrolled: 160 (34.6 %) with bronchitis, 35 (7.6 %) with infectious wheezing, and 267 (57.8 %) with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). RV infection was demonstrated in 186 patients [40.3 %; mean age±standard deviation (SD) 1.77±2.14 years]. RV infection was detected in 78 patients aged 48 months (16.7 %; p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3251-3256
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Volume31
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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