The distribution and elimination kinetics of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (DDP) in female BDF1 mice bearing 6-day P388 leukemia were investigated in the presence and absence of procaine hydrochloride (P.HCl) exposure. DDP was administered as a single i.p. dose of 8 mg/kg in a 0.9% NaCl solution 6 days after tumor inoculum. P.HCl was administered as a single i.v. dose of 40 mg/kg immediately after DDP. The combined treatment with P.HCl produced marked changes in the plasma concentration-time profile of Pt. The unbound fraction of Pt was significantly increased both in the ascites fluid and plasma following DDP+P.HCl administration. P.HCl treatment induced a significant reduction (P <0.01) in the rate constant of the protein-bound of Pt in plasma of tumored mice. Urinary excretion of Pt was unaffected by P.HCl, and there was no significant P.HCl-induced modification in the concentrations of Pt in the P388 leukemic cells. A statistically significant reduction of kidney and spleen Pt content was observed in female mice exposed to a dose of 8 mg/kg DDP+P.HCl. A similar reduction was observed in kidneys and testes of tumored mice receiving 16 mg/kg DDP along with 40 mg/kg P.HCl, which also showed lower renal and testicular cisplatin-DNA adducts after DDP+P.HCl than after DDP treatment. Potential explanations for the ability of P.HCl to interfere with the pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of DDP are discussed.
|Number of pages||6|
|Issue number||5 A|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
- cis-Diamminedichloroplatinum (II)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research