We quantified and examined the kinetics of DNA interstrand cross links (DNA-ISC) caused by Cis dichlorodiammine platinum (DDP) using the method of alkaline elution in 58 highly purified human ovarian tumours growing in primary culture. A large heterogeneity in both the quantity and kinetics of DDP induced DNA-ISC was observed in cultures derived from neoplasms of different patients and from different lesions of the same patient. In the majority of cases, DNA-ISC lasted for prolonged time intervals after 1 h drug exposure, being significantly repaired only 48 or 72 h following drug washout. The persistence of DNA-ISC is probably due to a prolonged formation of these lesions for up to 24 h as assessed by the change in the repair kinetics that occurred after preventing new DNA-ISC formation by quenching of monoadducts with thiourea. The inefficient repair of DDP monoadducts appears therefore to be a possible reason for the permanence of DNA-ISC. These studies suggest that the long permanence of DNA-ISC in human ovarian cancer could be the basis for the high selectivity of DDP for this human malignancy.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||British Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research