Thirty-two consecutive patients with pretreated germinal testis cancer received 3 to 4 inductions of cisplatin and etoposide therapy (PE). Patients not pretreated, or only partially pretreated with bleomycin (B), also received this drug for a maximum of 12 doses. Sixteen patients underwent secondary surgery for the removal of residual masses. Twelve (37.5%) entered complete remission (CR) with chemotherapy alone, and an additional 9 cases (28%) were rendered tumor-free by surgery. The 21 disease-free patients (65.5%) received 2 further inductions and no maintenance. Toxicity was moderate, and 1 of the 16 patients who underwent surgery died postoperatively of pulmonary embolism. After a median follow-up period of 26 months (range, 9-60), 2 patients have died in CR and 15 (47%) are currently alive and have been continuously disease-free. The major determinant of tumor response was prior therapy. Eleven of 14 (78%) patients who were not pretreated with cisplatin achieved a continuous disease-free status versus only 4 of the 18 pretreated patients (22%, P <0.01). In this set of cases, complete responders to prior PVB therapy did better than incomplete responders treated for tumor progression. It can be concluded that normal-dose PE ± B therapy, followed by surgical resection of the residual tumor, is a satisfactory salvage therapy in patients not pretreated with cisplatin and is also active in complete responders to prior PVB therapy.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research