Cisplatin can be safely administered to ovarian cancer patients with hypersensitivity to carboplatin

A. Bergamini, C. Pisano, M. Di Napoli, L. Arenare, C. Della Pepa, R. Tambaro, G. Facchini, P. Gargiulo, S. Rossetti, G. Mangili, S. Pignata, S. C. Cecere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective Hypersensitivity reactions (HSR) are frequently reported in patients rechallenged with carboplatin for recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC) and represent a critical issue, since discontinuation of the platinum-based therapy could affect prognosis. Several strategies to allow platinum rechallenge have been described, with controversial outcomes. The aim of this study is to illustrate a 10-year experience with cisplatin in patients with a previous HSR to carboplatin or at risk for allergy. Methods A retrospective review of all patients with platinum sensitive ROC retreated with carboplatin was performed between January 2007 and May 2016 at the Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Fondazione “G. Pascale”, Naples. Results Among 183 patients, 49 (26.8%) presented HSR to carboplatin, mainly during second line therapy. Mean number of cycles before HSR was 8 (range 3–17). G2, G3 and G4 reaction were detected in 83%, 15% and 2% of patients, respectively. In a multivariate analysis including age, hystotype, BRCA status, previous known HSR, and combination drug administered, only the type of carboplatin-based doublet used as 2nd line therapy was found to significantly affect HSR development, with a protective effect of PLD (pegylated liposomal doxorubicin) (p = 0.014, OR = 0.027). Thirty seven patients (77%) with a previous HSR to carboplatin were rechallenged with cisplatin. Treatment was generally well tolerated. 5 patients (13.1%) experienced mild HSR to cisplatin, successfully managed in all cases. 14 patients were treated with cisplatin even without a carboplatin-related HSR due to other allergies. Among these, only one developed HSR (7.1%). Conclusions Cisplatin rechallenge is a feasible approach in patients experiencing HSR to carboplatin to maintain the beneficial effect of platinum while reducing hypersensitivity-related risks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-76
Number of pages5
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume144
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Adverse drug reaction
  • Carboplatin
  • Chemotherapy
  • Cisplatin
  • Hypersensitivity reaction
  • Ovarian cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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