Cisplatin-gemcitabine combination in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: A phase II study

L. Crinò, G. Scagliotti, M. Marangolo, F. Figoli, M. Clerici, F. De Marinis, F. Salvati, G. Cruciani, L. Dogliotti, F. Pucci, A. Paccagnella, V. Adamo, G. Altavilla, P. Incoronato, M. Trippetti, A. M. Mosconi, A. Santucci, S. Sorbolini, C. Oliva, M. Tonato

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Abstract

Purpose: The nucleoside analog, gemcitabine, has shown activity as a single agent in the treatment of metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Its combination with cisplatin in preclinical models suggested synergy between the two drugs. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and toxicity of the cisplatin-gemcitabine combination in advanced NSCLC. Patients and Methods: Forty-eight consecutive previously untreated NSCLC patients entered the trial from January to June 1994. The median age was 60 years (range, 37 to 70) and performance status (PS) was 0 or 1; 22 patients had unresectable stage III disease (21 stage IIIB and one stage IIIA) and 26 had stage IV disease. Gemcitabine 1 g/m2 was administered weekly (days 1, 8, and 15) followed by a 1-week rest and cisplatin 100 mg/m2 on day 2 of each 28-day cycle. Survival and response were determined in accordance with the intention-to-treat principle in all enrolled patients. Results: Of 48 assessable patients, one (stage IV) had complete response (CR) and 25 achieved a partial responses (PR). The overall response rate was 54% (95% confidence interval [CI], 40% to 68%). Thrombocytopenia was the main side effect, with 52% of patients experiencing grade III to IV toxicity, which was usually short-lived and responsible for the omission of gemcitabine administration on day 15 in 50% of chemotherapy courses. The median survival time was 61.5 weeks (95% CI, 40 to 71). Conclusion: The combination of gemcitabine and cisplatin induced a high response rate in bath stage IIIB and IV NSCLC, with modest side effects. The regimen deserves further careful evaluation in a phase III prospective randomized trial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-303
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume15
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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    Crinò, L., Scagliotti, G., Marangolo, M., Figoli, F., Clerici, M., De Marinis, F., Salvati, F., Cruciani, G., Dogliotti, L., Pucci, F., Paccagnella, A., Adamo, V., Altavilla, G., Incoronato, P., Trippetti, M., Mosconi, A. M., Santucci, A., Sorbolini, S., Oliva, C., & Tonato, M. (1997). Cisplatin-gemcitabine combination in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: A phase II study. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 15(1), 297-303.