High levels of O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase (OGAT) can, at least in part, account for tumor cell resistance to O6-alkylguanine alkylating agents, including triazene compounds. A pilot clinical study indicates that dacarbazine can induce a marked decrease of leukemic blasts in patients affected by acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) with low pretreatment levels of OGAT activity. In this study we show a synergistic antitumor effect between cisplatin (CDDP) and temozolomide (an in vitro active analog of dacarbazine), following combined in vitro treatment of leukemic blasts. Synergistic effect appears to be CDDP-dose dependent. In vivo treatment of leukemic patients with CDDP was followed by a reduction of OGAT activity in 2 out 3 cases. These data point out that CDDP could be a good candidate for depleting OGAT protein of leukemic cells, thus reversing tumor cell resistance to dacarbazine.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)
- Pharmacology (medical)