Cisternal and lumbar CSF levels of arachidonate metabolites after subarachnoid haemorrhage: An assessment of the biochemical hypothesis of vasospasm

R. Rodriguez y Baena, P. Gaetani, V. Silvani, T. Viganó, M. T. Crivellari, P. Paoletti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Several naturally occurring compounds have been identified in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) after subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) as possible vasoactive agents involved in the biochemical mechanism of vasospasm. The authors have measured, in 30 patients admitted for SAH, CSF concentrations of two arachidonic acid metabolites, Prostacyclin and Prostaglandin D2, as representative of vasodilator and vasoconstrictor compounds. CSF samples were made available by lumbar punctures and intraoperative cisternal punctures. Nine patients presented with symptomatic vasospasm: lumbar CSF Prostaglandin D2 levels are significantly higher than in patients without vasospasm. The Cisternal Prostaglandin D2 level is significantly higher than the lumbar CSF concentration; CSF Prostacyclin levels do not significantly differ in the two groups of patients. These data suggest the presence of an imbalanced biochemical situation responsible for promoting vasospasm. The evaluation of cisternal levels of arachidonate metabolites support the hypothesis of the clotting phenomenon around the ruptured aneurysm wall as an important predictive pattern of vasospasm onset after SAH, as shown in computed tomography.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-135
Number of pages7
JournalActa Neurochirurgica
Volume84
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1987

Keywords

  • arachidonate metabolites
  • intracranial aneurysm
  • Subarachnoid haemorrhage
  • vasospasm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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