The spontaneous low- and high-frequency rhythms in the sympathetic discharge of decerebrate artificially ventilated cats are affected by external ventilation. Two graphical methods (i.e. the space-time separation plot and the frequency tracking locus) are used to classify the non-linear interactions. The observed behaviours in the sympathetic discharge consist of phase-locked periodic dynamics (at various frequency ratios with ventilation), quasiperiodic and aperiodic patterns. They depend on the experimental condition. In control condition the sympathetic discharge appears more frequently locked to each ventilatory cycle (1:1 dynamics). However, some cases of quasiperiodic dynamics are found. A sympathetic activation stimulus, such as inferior vena cava occlusion, is able to synchronise slow rhythms in the sympathetic discharge to a subharmonic of ventilation. During a sympathetic inhibition stimulus, such as aortic constriction, 1:1 dynamics is detected but the amplitude of the sympathetic responses can be modulated by unlocked slow rhythms. Moreover, some cases of aperiodic dynamics are observed. Vagotomy reduces the 1:1 coupling between sympathetic outflow and ventilation. Vagotomy plus spinalisation disrupts periodic dynamics in the sympathetic discharge so that irregular and complex patterns are found.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
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