Claudin-14 Gene Polymorphisms and Urine Calcium Excretion

T Arcidiacono, M Simonini, C Lanzani, L Citterio, E Salvi, C Barlassina, D Spotti, D Cusi, P Manunta, G Vezzoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Claudin-16 and -19 are proteins forming pores for the paracellular reabsorption of divalent cations in the ascending limb of Henle loop; conversely, claudin-14 decreases ion permeability of these pores. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms in gene coding for claudin-14 were associated with kidney stones and calcium excretion. This study aimed to explore the association of claudin-14, claudin-16, and claudin-19 single-nucleotide polymorphisms with calcium excretion.DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We performed a retrospective observational study of 393 patients with hypertension who were naïve to antihypertensive drugs, in whom we measured 24-hour urine calcium excretion; history of kidney stones was ascertained by interview; 370 of these patients underwent an intravenous 0.9% sodium chloride infusion (2 L in 2 hours) to evaluate the response of calcium excretion in three different 2-hour urine samples collected before, during, and after saline infusion. Genotypes of claudin-14, claudin-16, and claudin-19 were obtained from data of a previous genome-wide association study in the same patients.RESULTS: Thirty-one single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the 3' region of the claudin-14 gene were significantly associated with 24-hour calcium excretion and calcium excretion after saline infusion. The most significant associated single-nucleotide polymorphism was rs219755 (24-hour calcium excretion in GG, 225±124 mg/24 hours; 24-hour calcium excretion in GA, 194±100 mg/24 hours; 24-hour calcium excretion in AA, 124±73 mg/24 hours; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1542-1549
Number of pages8
JournalClinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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