Cleft sidedness and congenitally missing teeth in patients with cleft lip and palate patients

Abdolreza Jamilian, Alessandra Lucchese, Alireza Darnahal, Zinat Kamali, Letizia Perillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of cleft sidedness, and the number of congenitally missing teeth in regard to cleft type and gender. Methods: The charts, models, radiographs, and intraoral photographs of 201 cleft patients including 131 males with the mean age of 12.3 ± 4 years and 70 females with the mean age of 12.6 ± 3.9 years were used for the study. T test, Chi-square, and binomial tests were used for assessment of the data. Results and conclusions: One hundred forty-eight of the subjects suffered from cleft lip and palate followed by 41 subjects who suffered from cleft lip and alveolus. Chi-square test did not show any significant difference between the genders. Binomial test showed that left-sided cleft was more predominant in unilateral cleft lip and palate patients (P <0.001). This study also showed that the upper lateral incisors were the most commonly missing teeth in the cleft area.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14
JournalProgress in Orthodontics
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Cleft lip and alveolus
  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Cleft sidedness
  • Missing teeth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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