Clinical activity and tolerability of trazodone, mianserin, and amitriptyline in elderly subjects with major depression: A controlled multicenter trial

A. C. Altamura, M. C. Mauri, N. Rudas, B. Carpiniello, R. Montanini, M. Perini, P. L. Scapicchio, C. Hadjchristos, G. Carucci, M. Minervini, A. D'Aloise, A. Malinconico, E. Aguglia, R. De Vanna, R. D'Aronco

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Abstract

The aim of this multicenter study was to compare trazodone (TRA) with two reference drugs, amitriptyline (AMI) and mianserin (MIA), under double-blind conditions, in an elderly population, to ascertain age-related patterns for efficacy and tolerability. One hundred six elderly depressed inpatients, ranging in age from 60 to 83 years, diagnosed as having major depression according to DMS-III, were treated with 75 mg AMI (37 patients), 60 mg MIA (33 patients) or 150 mg TRA (36 patients) p.o. t.i.d. for 5 weeks. There were no differences in the clinical outcome among the three groups of patients at the end of the trial, with a significant amelioration (p <0.01) for the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRS-D) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). TRA showed a lower overall prevalence of side effects than AMI or MIA, particularly for anticholinergic (p = 0.03 vs. AMI) and cardiovascular (p = 0.05 vs. MIA) effects. For these data GDS seems to be most reliable in detecting changes in elderly depressive symptomatology; moreover a comparable therapeutic response (among the three drugs) but a better tolerance for atypical antidepressants, particularly TRA, make advisable the use of the latter drug in the elderly population.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Neuropharmacology
Volume12
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 1989

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

Altamura, A. C., Mauri, M. C., Rudas, N., Carpiniello, B., Montanini, R., Perini, M., Scapicchio, P. L., Hadjchristos, C., Carucci, G., Minervini, M., D'Aloise, A., Malinconico, A., Aguglia, E., De Vanna, R., & D'Aronco, R. (1989). Clinical activity and tolerability of trazodone, mianserin, and amitriptyline in elderly subjects with major depression: A controlled multicenter trial. Clinical Neuropharmacology, 12(SUPPL. 1).