The preliminary results of a prospective study undertaken in patients with a first episode of acute myocardial infarction are presented. The clinical, electrocardiographic and angiographic characteristics of 34 patients who developed early post-infarction angina (group I) were compared with those of 144 patients who remained asymptomatic after the acute infarct (group II). No difference was found between the two groups as to age, sex, prevalence, risk factors, presence of stable angina before infarction, severe ventricular arrhythmias or transient congestive heart failure in CCU and peak CK value. Patients of group I had more frequently ecg signs of myocardial infarction in anterior leads (P <0.01) than patients of group II. Exercise testing, performed by 23 patients of group I and by 140 patients of group II, was positive in 14 patients with early post-infarction angina and in 37 who remained asymptomatic after the acute infarct (P <0.01). The two groups had similar values of left ventricular end diastolic volume index, left ventricular end diastolic pressure and ejection fraction. Patients with early post-infarction angina however had more frequently double or triple vessel disease, while single vessel disease prevailed in group II patients. Although the follow-up period was limited (average 9 months), a higher incidence of cardiac complications was found in group I patients (P <0.01). These data show that early post-infarction angina defines a high-risk subset of patients among those with recent myocardial infarction. A more aggressive approach, including thrombolytic therapy and coronary angioplasty, seems warranted.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||European Heart Journal|
|Issue number||SUPPL. C|
|Publication status||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine