Clinical and demographic factors and outcome of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in relation to population ancestral origin

Benoît Marin, Giancarlo Logroscino, Farid Boumédiene, Anaïs Labrunie, Philippe Couratier, Marie Claude Babron, Anne Louise Leutenegger, Pierre Marie Preux, Ettore Beghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: To review how the phenotype and outcome of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) change with variations in population ancestral origin (PAO). Knowledge of how PAO modifies ALS phenotype may provide important insight into the risk factors and pathogenic mechanisms of the disease. Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature concerning differences in phenotype and outcome of ALS that relate to PAO. Results: A review of 3111 records identified 78 population-based studies. The 40 that were included covered 40 geographical areas in 10 subcontinents. Around 12,700 ALS cases were considered. The results highlight the phenotypic heterogeneity of ALS at time of onset [age, sex ratio (SR), bulbar onset], age at diagnosis, occurrence of comorbidities in the first year after diagnosis, and outcome (survival). Subcontinent is a major explanatory factor for the variability of the ALS phenotype in population-based studies. Some markers of ALS phenotype were homogeneously distributed in western countries (SR, mean age at onset/diagnosis) but their distributions in other subcontinents were remarkably different. Other markers presented variations in European subcontinents (familial ALS, bulbar onset) and in other continents. As a consequence, ALS outcome strongly varied, with a median survival time from onset ranging from 24 months (Northern Europe) to 48 months (Central Asia). Discussion: This review sets the scene for a collaborative study involving a wide international consortium to investigate, using a standard methodology, the link between ancestry, environment, and ALS phenotype.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-245
JournalEuropean Journal of Epidemiology
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Continental population groups
  • Epidemiology
  • Ethnic groups
  • Phenotype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology


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