Clinical and dermoscopic features of atypical Spitz tumors: A multicenter, retrospective, case-control study

Elvira Moscarella, Aimilios Lallas, Athanassios Kyrgidis, Gerardo Ferrara, Caterina Longo, Massimiliano Scalvenzi, Stefania Staibano, Cristina Carrera, M. Alba Díaz, Paolo Broganelli, Carlo Tomasini, Stefano Cavicchini, Raffaele Gianotti, Susana Puig, Josep Malvehy, Pedro Zaballos, Giovanni Pellacani, Giuseppe Argenziano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Few studies have described the clinical and dermoscopic features of atypical Spitz tumors. Objective We sought to describe the clinical and dermoscopic features of a series of atypical Spitz tumors as compared with those of conventional Spitz nevi. Methods This was a multicenter, retrospective, case-control study, analyzing the clinical and dermoscopic characteristics of 55 atypical Spitz tumors and 110 Spitz nevi that were excised and diagnosed histopathologically. Results The majority of atypical Spitz tumors presented clinically as a plaque or nodule, dermoscopically typified by a multicomponent or nonspecific pattern. A proportion of lesions (16.4%) exhibited the typical nonpigmented Spitzoid pattern of dotted vessels and white lines under dermoscopy. Nodularity, ulceration, linear vessels, polymorphic vessels, white lines, and blue-white veil were associated with atypical Spitz tumors by univariate analysis, but only nodularity and white lines remained significant after multivariate analysis. In contrast, a pigmented typical Spitzoid pattern was a potent predictor of Spitz nevi, associated with 6.5-fold increased probability. Limitations Differentiation from Spitzoid melanoma and other nonmelanocytic lesions was not investigated. Conclusion Atypical Spitz tumors are polymorphic melanocytic proliferations with a nodular clinical appearance. Dermoscopically they demonstrate a multicomponent and nonspecific pattern. A typical nonpigmented Spitzoid pattern on dermoscopy (with dotted vessels and white lines) does not exclude atypical Spitz tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-784
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume73
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2015

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Keywords

  • atypical Spitz tumor
  • dermoscopy
  • histopathology
  • melanoma
  • skin cancer
  • Spitz nevus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Moscarella, E., Lallas, A., Kyrgidis, A., Ferrara, G., Longo, C., Scalvenzi, M., Staibano, S., Carrera, C., Díaz, M. A., Broganelli, P., Tomasini, C., Cavicchini, S., Gianotti, R., Puig, S., Malvehy, J., Zaballos, P., Pellacani, G., & Argenziano, G. (2015). Clinical and dermoscopic features of atypical Spitz tumors: A multicenter, retrospective, case-control study. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 73(5), 777-784. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2015.08.018