Background: Although the stomach is the most frequent site of intestinal lymphomas, few data are available on both clinical endoscopic presentation of gastric lymphoma and possible differences between low-grade and high-grade lymphomas. Methods: Clinical, histological and endoscopic records of consecutive patients with primary low-grade or high-grade lymphoma diagnosed were retrieved. Symptoms were categorized as 'alarm' or 'not alarm'. The endoscopic findings were classified as 'normal' or 'abnormal'. Results: Overall, 144 patients with primary gastric lymphoma were detected, including 74 low-grade and 70 high-grade lymphoma. Alarm symptoms, particularly persistent vomiting and weight loss, were more frequently present in patients with high-grade lymphoma than in those with low-grade lymphoma (54% vs. 28%; P = 0.002). Low-grade lymphomas presented as 'normal' appearing mucosa (20% vs. 0%; P = 0.0004) or petechial haemorrhage in the fundus (9% vs. 0%; P = 0.02) more frequently than high-grade lymphomas, being also more often confined to the antrum (47% vs. 27%, P = 0.03) and associated with Helicobacter pylori infection (88% vs. 52%, P <0.0001). On the contrary, high-grade lymphomas presented more commonly as ulcerative type (70% vs. 52%; P = 0.03), being also more frequently diagnosed in stage >I when compared with low-grade lymphomas (70% vs. 21%, P <0.0001). Conclusions: The overall prevalence of alarm symptoms is quite low and may be absent in more than 70% of patients with low-grade lymphoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)