Purpose: Restorative proctocolectomy is the procedure of choice in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. The operation is successful in removing all diseased mucosa while preserving a normal bowel function and a good quality of life for the patient. In this article are presented the clinical and functional results obtained in 28 patients, 19 males (68%) and 9 females (32%) after stapled restorative proctocolectomy with ileal J pouch-anal anastomosis. Results: There were no perioperative deaths. The overall morbidity rate was 31%. Six patients (21%) presented pelvic abscess; 2 (7%) pelvic hematoma, 4 patients (14%) ileo-anal anastomotic stricture, 1 patient (3,6%) pouchvagina fistula, three patients (11%) intestinal obstruction and 7 (25%) pouchitis. All patients were able to evacuate their pouches spontaneously. The mean bowel movements were 6-9/24 hours at the first postoperative month and 3-5/24 hours at the sixth month. Infrequent nocturnal seepage occurred in 6 patients (21%). Stool consistency returned to normal within 3-6 months. The mean pouch capacity was 210 cc. The mean resting pressure was diminished in 11 patients (39%), the men and maximal squeeze pressures were improved in 9 (32%); the ileo-rectal-anal inhibitory reflex was normal in 5 patients (18%), not defined in 12 (43%), Impotence or impaired bladder function was not present. Conclusion: The use of staplers in the surgical technique of restorative proctocolectomy with J shaped ileo-anal pouch is associated with low morbidity and better long-term results. The procedure requires a good selection of patients, a correct surgical timing, a very carefully technique and a low pre and postoperative treatment with steroids.
|Translated title of the contribution||Clinical and functional results after stapled restorative proctocolectomy with ileal J pouch for ulcerative colitis|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Annali Italiani di Chirurgia|
|Publication status||Published - May 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas