INTRODUCTION: The slow-channel congenital myasthenic syndrome (SCCMS) is a postsynaptic form of congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMSs), a clinically heterogeneous group of disorders caused by genetic defects leading to an abnormal signal transmission at the endplate.
METHODS: We report clinical and molecular data of a multigenerational family in which the presentation of a progressive proximal-distal weakness with ocular involvement led to a number of different clinical diagnoses.
RESULTS: A comprehensive genetic study which included whole-genome linkage analysis and whole-exome sequencing identified a heterozygous missense substitution (c.721C>T, p.L241F) in the ε subunit of the acetylcholine receptor (CHRNE) that was consistent with clinical weakness in all patients.
DISCUSSION: SCCMS is characterized by a broad and heterogeneous clinical phenotype in which disease onset, symptoms, severity, and progression can be highly variable even between family members. The identification of a CHRNE mutation allowed to make the definitive diagnosis of CMS in this family and contributed to define the clinical spectrum of this disease.