We report here a new family with thyroid hormone resistance (RTH), with phenotypic variability among subjects. Particular emphasis is given to the clinical and hormonal outcome after 2 years of triiodothyroacetic acid (TRIAC) treatment in an affected child with peripheral thyrotoxic features (pituitary RTH [PRTH]). The genetic defect was a substitution in position 1642 (C to A) within the exon 10 of thyroid hormone receptor β1 (TRβ1) gene, resulting in the codon change P453T. The mutant receptor had a significantly reduced triiodothyronine (T3) binding affinity. Within this family, the child and the mother suffered from hyperthyroidism and were clinically classified as PRTH, while the maternal grandmother was clinically euthyroid, indicating a generalized form of the disease (GRTH). Rapid normalization of heart rate was initially obtained by the association of the cardioselective β-blocker atenolol with TRIAC. Nevertheless, long-term TRIAC therapy, through its lowering action of serum thyrotropin (TSH) and thyroid hormone levels, maintained a normal heart rate after atenolol discontinuation and normalized the neurological disturbances and the clinical signs in the child, without any apparent side effect. In fact, growth velocity remained unchanged and no alteration of several parameters of thyroid hormone action at the tissue level was observed, whereas soluble interleukin-2 receptor levels improved significantly, confirming the safety and efficacy of long- term TRIAC therapy for PRTH also during childhood. We thus recommend testing the efficacy of TRIAC therapy in all RTH patients presenting with clinical features of hyperthyroidism.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
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