Clinical and laboratory features of 103 patients from 42 italian families with inherited thrombocytopenia derived from the monoallelic Ala156Val mutation of gpibα (Bolzano mutation)

Patrizia Noris, Silverio Perrotta, Roberta Bottega, Alessandro Pecci, Federica Melazzini, Elisa Civaschi, Sabina Russo, Silvana Magrin, Giuseppe Loffredo, Veronica Di Salvo, Giovanna Russo, Maddalena Casale, Daniela de Rocco, Claudio Grignani, Marco Cattaneo, Carlo Baronci, Alfredo Dragani, Veronica Albano, Momcilo Jankovic, Saverio ScianguettaAnna Savoia, Carlo L. Balduini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Bernard-Soulier syndrome is a very rare form of inherited thrombocytopenia that derives from mutations in GPIbα, GPIbb, or GPIX and is typically inherited as a recessive disease. However, some years ago it was shown that the monoallelic c.515C>T transition in the GPIBA gene (Bolzano mutation) was responsible for macrothrombocytopenia in a few Italian patients.Design and Methods: Over the past 10 years, we have searched for the Bolzano mutation in all subjects referred to our institutions because of an autosomal, dominant form of thrombocytopenia of unknown origin.Results: We identified 42 new Italian families (103 cases) with a thrombocytopenia induced by monoal-lelic Bolzano mutation. Analyses of the geographic origin of affected pedigrees and haplotypes indicated that this mutation originated in southern Italy. Although the clinical expression was variable, patients with this mutation typically had a mild form of Bernard-Soulier syndrome with mild thrombocytopenia and bleeding tendency. The most indicative laboratory findings were enlarged platelets and reduced GPIb/IX/V platelet expression; in vitro platelet aggregation was normal in nearly all of the cases. Conclusions: Our study indicates that monoallelic Bolzano mutation is the most frequent cause of inherited thrombocytopenia in Italy, affecting 20% of patients recruited at our institutions during the last 10 years. Because many people from southern Italy have emigrated during the last century, this mutation may have spread to other countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-88
Number of pages7
JournalHaematologica
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

Keywords

  • Bernard-soulier syndrome
  • Bolzano mutation
  • Inherited thrombocytopenia
  • Monoallelic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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