Translated title of the contribution: Clinical and mammographic study of nipple retraction

G. C. Parodi, G. Mina, L. Bonelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this study was to investigate the mammographic patterns associated with nipple's retraction in patients (pts.) without physical signs suggesting malignant breast disease. The study was carried out on 106 pts. visited during 1983 at the Joint Breast Unit of the Istituto nazionale per la ricerca sul cancro and at the Istituto di Radiologia dell'Universita of Genoa, Italy. Median age for the pts. was 43 (range 22-64): 31 pts. had monolateral and 75 bilateral nipple's retraction. Following physical examination all pts. underwent mammography by means of Senographe CGR. Most pts. showed a pattern of retroareolar fibrosis, in particular those with bilateral retraction. In addition three carcinomas of the breast were detected. All tumours were located in the central portion of the breast, below the areola and were associated with monolateral nipple's retraction. In view of our data, pts. with monolateral nipple's retraction should be considered 'high-risk' for breast carcinoma and should always receive a careful mammographic examination, also in absence of any physical signs concerned with malignant disease.

Translated title of the contributionClinical and mammographic study of nipple retraction
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)91-94
Number of pages4
JournalGiornale Italiano di Senologia
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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