The 16p13.3p13.1 region has been reported as a "critical" hotspot region for recurrent microdeletions/duplications, which may contribute to epilepsy, learning difficulties and facial dysmorphisms.Cytogenetic and array-CGH analyses were performed because of the clinical characteristics of the patient. The girl showed de novo 16p13.3p13.13 duplication spanning a region of ~5.3Mb.She presented brain anomalies, intellectual disability, epilepsy, facial and vertebral dysmorphisms. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of 16p13.3p13.13 duplication; only three patients with an overlapping deletion in 16p13.2p13.13 were previously described.The duplicated region contains 21 OMIM genes and, six of them (. RBFOX1, TMEM114, ABAT, PMM2, GRIN2A and, LITAF) were found to be associated with known diseases. Although no duplication of these genes has been described in the literature, we discuss here if they had some role in determining phenotype of our patient.
- 16p13.3p13.13 duplication
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