We have conducted a clinical and pharmacokinetic trial of the novel podophyllotoxin derivative NK611 administered orally for 21 consecutive days. The treatment was repeated every 35 days. Eighteen patients were included into the study, all of whom were eligible. Due to early progression of tumor disease in two patients, 16 patients were evaluable for toxicity [7 female, 9 male, median age 64 years (range: 44 to 73)]. Dose escalation steps were 5 mg/day [105 mg per cycle (pc)], 10 mg/day (210 mg pc), 12.5 mg/day (265 mg pc) and 15 mg/day (315 mg pc). A total of 37 courses was administered. Toxicity was evaluated using NCI-CTC criteria. Granulocytopenia was the main hematologic toxicity. Other hematologic toxicities were sporadic. Non-hematologic toxicities were mild and consisted of grade 1 nausea and grade 2 alopecia. Pharmacokinetic analyses were performed in six patients each treated with 10 mg/day and 12.5 mg per day, and in one patient treated with 15 mg/day. Using a two-compartment model, t(1/2α), ranged from 0.47 to 1.54 h and t(1/2β) from 2.0-11.6 h. Mean values for C(max) and AUC were 1.47 ± 0.331 μg/ml and 13.67 ± 3.81 μg/ml·h. No objective tumor responses were observed. However, one patient with metastatic breast cancer had stable disease for twelve months. We conclude that the Maximum Tolerated Dose of NK611 administered daily for 21 consecutive days is 12.5 mg/day. The Dose-Limiting Toxicity is granulocytopenia. The recommended dose for further clinical Phase II studies is 10 mg/day.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Investigational New Drugs|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
- Phase I
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine