Clinical and pharmacological phase I study with accelerated titration design of a daily times five schedule of BBR3464, a novel cationic triplatinum complex

C. Sessa, G. Capri, L. Gianni, F. Peccatori, G. Grasselli, J. Bauer, M. Zucchetti, L. Viganò, A. Gatti, C. Minoia, P. Liati, S. Van den Bosch, A. Bernareggi, G. Camboni, S. Marsoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), the toxicity and pharmacokinetic profile of BBR3464, a novel triplatinum complex. Patients and methods: Fourteen patients with advanced solid tumors not responsive to previous antitumor treatments received BBR 3464 on a daily x 5 schedule every twenty-eighth day. The drug was given as a one-hour infusion with pre-and post-treatment hydration (500 ml in one hour) and no antiemetic prophylaxis. The starting dose was 0.03 mg/m2/day. A modified accelerated titration escalation design was used. Total and free platinum (Pt) concentrations in plasma and urine were assessed by ICP-MS on days 1 and 5 of the first cycle. Results: Dose was escalated four times up to 0.17 mg/m2/day. Short-lasting neutropenia and diarrhea of late onset were dose-limiting and defined the MTD at 0.12 mg/m2. Nausea and vomiting were rare, neither neuro- nor renal toxic effects were observed. BBR3464 showed a rapid distribution phase of 1 hour and a terminal half-life of several days. At 0.17 mg/m2 plasma Cmax and AUC on day 5 were higher than on day 1, indicating drug accumulation. Approximately 10% of the equivalent dose of BBR3464 (2.2%-13.4%) was recovered in a 24-hour urine collection. Conclusions: The higher than expected incidence of neutropenia and GI toxicity might be related to the prolonged half-life and accumulation of total and free Pt after daily administrations. Lack of nephrotoxicity and the low urinary excretion support the use of the drug without hydration. The single intermittent schedule has been selected for clinical development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)977-983
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • BBR3464
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Phase I
  • Platinum analog

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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