Clinical and Radiologic Features Together Better Predict Lung Nodule Malignancy in Patients with Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Cecilia Tetta, Antonio Giugliano, Laura Tonetti, Michele Rocca, Alessandra Longhi, Francesco Londero, Gianmarco Parise, Orlando Parise, Linda Renata Micali, Mark La Meir, Jos G Maessen, Sandro Gelsomino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We test the hypothesis that a model including clinical and computed tomography (CT) features may allow discrimination between benign and malignant lung nodules in patients with soft-tissue sarcoma (STS). Seventy-one patients with STS undergoing their first lung metastasectomy were examined. The performance of multiple logistic regression models including CT features alone, clinical features alone, and combined features, was tested to evaluate the best model in discriminating malignant from benign nodules. The likelihood of malignancy increased by more than 11, 2, 6 and 7 fold, respectively, when histological synovial sarcoma sub-type was associated with the following CT nodule features: size ≥ 5.6 mm, well defined margins, increased size from baseline CT, and new onset at preoperative CT. Likewise, in the case of grade III primary tumor, the odds ratio (OR) increased by more than 17 times when the diameter of pulmonary nodules (PNs) was >5.6 mm, more than 13 times with well-defined margins, more than 7 times with PNs increased from baseline CT, and more than 20 times when there were new-onset nodules. Finally, when CT nodule was ≥5.6 in size, it had well-defined margins, it increased in size from baseline CT, and when new onset nodules at preoperative CT were concomitant to residual primary tumor R2, the risk of malignancy increased by more than 10, 6, 25 and 28 times, respectively. The combination of clinical and CT features has the highest predictive value for detecting the malignancy of pulmonary nodules in patients with soft tissue sarcoma, allowing early detection of nodule malignancy and treatment options.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 23 2020

Keywords

  • computed tomography scan
  • lung metastasectomy
  • metastases
  • pulmonary nodules
  • soft tissue sarcoma

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