Clinical characteristics and therapeutic responses in patients with germ-line AIP mutations and pituitary adenomas: An international collaborative study

Adrian F. Daly, Maria A. Tichomirowa, Patrick Petrossians, Elina Heliövaara, Marie Lise Jaffrain-Rea, Anne Barlier, Luciana A. Naves, Tapani Ebeling, Auli Karhu, Antti Raappana, Laure Cazabat, Ernesto De Menis, Carmen Fajardo Montañana, Gerald Raverot, Robert J. Weil, Timo Sane, Dominique Maiter, Sebastian Neggers, Maria Yaneva, Antoine TabarinElisa Verrua, Eija Eloranta, Arnaud Murat, Outi Vierimaa, Pasi I. Salmela, Philippe Emy, Rodrigo A. Toledo, Maria Isabel Sabaté, Chiara Villa, Marc Popelier, Roberto Salvatori, Juliet Jennings, Ángel Ferrandez Longás, José Ignacio Labarta Aizpún, Marianthi Georgitsi, Ralf Paschke, Cristina Ronchi, Matti Valimaki, Carola Saloranta, Wouter De Herder, Renato Cozzi, Mirtha Guitelman, Flavia Magri, Maria Stefania Lagonigro, Georges Halaby, Vinciane Corman, Marie Thérèse Hagelstein, Jean François Vanbellinghen, Gustavo Barcelos Barra, Anne Paule Gimenez-Roqueplo, Fergus J. Cameron, Françoise Borson-Chazot, Ian Holdaway, Sergio P A Toledo, Günter K. Stalla, Anna Spada, Sabina Zacharieva, Jerome Bertherat, Thierry Brue, Vincent Bours, Philippe Chanson, Lauri A. Aaltonen, Albert Beckers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Context: AIP mutations (AIPmut) give rise to a pituitary adenoma predisposition that occurs in familial isolated pituitary adenomas and less often in sporadic cases. The clinical and therapeutic features of AIPmut-associated pituitary adenomas have not been studied comprehensively. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess clinical/therapeutic characteristics of AIPmut pituitary adenomas. Design: This study was an international, multicenter, retrospective case collection/database analysis. Setting: The study was conducted at 36 tertiary referral endocrine and clinical genetics departments. Patients: Patients included 96 patients with germline AIPmut and pituitary adenomas and 232 matched AIPmut-negative acromegaly controls. Results: The AIPmut population was predominantly young and male (63.5%); first symptoms occurred as children/adolescents in 50%. At diagnosis, most tumors were macroadenomas (93.3%); extension and invasion was common. Somatotropinomas comprised 78.1% of the cohort; there were also prolactinomas (n = 13), nonsecreting adenomas (n = 7), and a TSH-secreting adenoma. AIPmut somatotropinomas were larger (P = 0.00026), with higher GH levels (P = 0.00068), more frequent extension (P = 0.018) and prolactin cosecretion (P = 0.00023), and occurred 2 decades before controls (P <0.000001). Gigantism was more common in the AIPmut group (P <0.000001). AIPmut somatotropinoma patients underwent more surgical interventions (P = 0.00069) and had lower decreases in GH (P = 0.00037) and IGF-I (P = 0.028) and less tumor shrinkage with somatostatin analogs (P <0.00001) vs. controls. AIPmut prolactinomas occurred generally in young males and frequently required surgery or radiotherapy. Conclusions: AIPmut pituitary adenomas have clinical features that may negatively impact treatment efficacy. Predisposition for aggressive disease in young patients, often in a familial setting, suggests that earlier diagnosis of AIPmut pituitary adenomas may have clinical utility.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume95
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Clinical characteristics and therapeutic responses in patients with germ-line AIP mutations and pituitary adenomas: An international collaborative study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Daly, A. F., Tichomirowa, M. A., Petrossians, P., Heliövaara, E., Jaffrain-Rea, M. L., Barlier, A., Naves, L. A., Ebeling, T., Karhu, A., Raappana, A., Cazabat, L., De Menis, E., Montañana, C. F., Raverot, G., Weil, R. J., Sane, T., Maiter, D., Neggers, S., Yaneva, M., ... Beckers, A. (2010). Clinical characteristics and therapeutic responses in patients with germ-line AIP mutations and pituitary adenomas: An international collaborative study. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 95(11). https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2009-2556