Clinical dissection of early onset absence epilepsy in children and prognostic implications

Sergio Agostinelli, Patrizia Accorsi, Francesca Beccaria, Vincenzo Belcastro, Maria Paola Canevini, Giuseppe Capovilla, Silvia Cappanera, Bernardo Dalla Bernardina, Francesca Darra, Luigi Del Gaudio, Maurizio Elia, Raffaele Falsaperla, Lucio Giordano, Giuseppe Gobbi, Carlo Minetti, Francesco Nicita, Pasquale Parisi, Piero Pavone, Marianna Pezzella, Michela SestaAlberto Spalice, Salvatore Striano, Elisabetta Tozzi, Monica Traverso, Stella Vari, Aglaia Vignoli, Nelia Zamponi, Federico Zara, Pasquale Striano, Alberto Verrotti

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Abstract

Summary Purpose To investigate whether patients with typical absence seizures (TAS) starting in the first 3 years of life, conformed to Panayiotopoulos's definition of childhood absence epilepsy (CAE), show different electroclinical course than those not fulfilling CAE criteria. Methods In this multicenter retrospective study, we choose a fixed duration follow-up of 36 months to examine the electroclinical course of epilepsy in all children with TAS starting before 3 years of age. The probands who fulfilled Panayiotopoulos's criteria for CAE were classified as having pure early onset absence epilepsy (P-EOAE), whereas those who did not as nonpure EOAE (NP-EOAE). In addition, these two groups of patients were further stratified according to the number of antiepileptic drugs taken to obtain initial seizure control (mono-, bi-, and tritherapy). Key Findings Patients with P-EOAE (n = 111) showed earlier initial seizure control (p = 0.030) and better seizure-free survival curve (p = 0.004) than those with NP-EOAE (n = 77). No mutation in SLC2A1 gene or abnormal neuroimaging was observed in P-EOAE. Among patients with NP-EOAE, those receiving tritherapy showed increased risk of structural brain abnormalities (p = 0.001) or SLC2A1 mutations (p = 0.001) but fewer myoclonic features (p = 0.031) and worse seizure-free survival curve (p = 0.047) than those treated with mono- and bitherapy. Children with NP-EOAE had 2.134 the odds of having relapse during the follow-up compare to those with P-EOAE. Significance Children with early onset TAS who did meet Panayiotopoulos's criteria showed a favorable course of epilepsy, whereas patients not fulfilling Panayiotopoulos's criteria showed increased risk of relapse at long-term follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1761-1770
Number of pages10
JournalEpilepsia
Volume54
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

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Keywords

  • Antiepileptic drugs
  • Childhood absence epilepsy
  • Early onset absence epilepsy
  • GLUT1 deficiency
  • Typical absence seizures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

Cite this

Agostinelli, S., Accorsi, P., Beccaria, F., Belcastro, V., Canevini, M. P., Capovilla, G., Cappanera, S., Bernardina, B. D., Darra, F., Gaudio, L. D., Elia, M., Falsaperla, R., Giordano, L., Gobbi, G., Minetti, C., Nicita, F., Parisi, P., Pavone, P., Pezzella, M., ... Verrotti, A. (2013). Clinical dissection of early onset absence epilepsy in children and prognostic implications. Epilepsia, 54(10), 1761-1770. https://doi.org/10.1111/epi.12341