Clinical evaluation of push-type enteroscopy

M. Pennazio, A. Arrigoni, M. Risio, M. Spandre, F. P. Rossini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Study Aims: Endoscopic exploration of the small bowel is potentially of prime importance in studying gastrointestinal bleeding of obscure origin, diarrhea and malabsorption, neoplasia, and other clinical conditions, but the method is still problematic because of the limited efficacy of sonde-type enteroscopes. This study evaluates the diagnostic yield of two push-type enteroscopes fitted with tip deflection and a biopsy channel. Patients and Methods: Seventy-two consecutive patients underwent enteroscopy using either an Olympus SIF-10 LY fiberscope or an Olympus SIF-100 video enteroscope. The depth of insertion was always checked by fluoroscopy, and ranged 30-120 cm beyond the ligament of Treitz. Results: Angiodysplasia was identified as the source in eight of 20 patients referred for gastrointestinal bleeding of obscure origin, and electrocoagulation was successfully performed in one case. A jejunal polyp was the cause of obscure bleeding in one patient. Radiological evidence of neoplasia/lymphoma located in the third portion of the duodenum or in the upper jejunum was ruled out in 10 of 12 patients. A normal jejunal appearance was found in two patients with lymphoma, subsequently confirmed by a normal enteroclysis. Duodenal or jejunal polyps were removed in seven of nine patients with familial polyposis. Endoscopic and histological alterations were found in nine of 24 patients with diarrhea or malabsorption. In addition, jejunal histology supplied the diagnosis in five patients with a normal endoscopic mucosal appearance. Only 18% of patients described slight, transient pain, and there were no complications. The tolerance and diagnostic efficacy were the same with both instruments. Conclusions: Even though push-type enteroscope exploration is restricted to the jejunum, the instruments are safe and efficacious in clinical practice, and permit in-depth study of small bowel anatomy and pathology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-170
Number of pages7
JournalEndoscopy
Volume27
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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