Clinical follow-up predictors of disease pattern change in anti-Jo1 positive anti-synthetase syndrome: Results from a multicenter, international and retrospective study

Elena Bartoloni, Miguel A Gonzalez-Gay, Carlo Scirè, Santos Castaneda, Roberto Gerli, Francisco Javier Lopez-Longo, Julia Martinez-Barrio, Marcello Govoni, Federica Furini, Trinitario Pina, Florenzo Iannone, Margherita Giannini, Laura Nuño, Luca Quartuccio, Norberto Ortego-Centeno, Alessia Alunno, Christopher Specker, Carlomaurizio Montecucco, Konstantinos Triantafyllias, Silvia BalduzziWalter Alberto Sifuentes-Giraldo, Giuseppe Paolazzi, Elena Bravi, Andreas Schwarting, Raffaele Pellerito, Alessandra Russo, Carlo Selmi, Lesley-Ann Saketkoo, Enrico Fusaro, Simone Parisi, Nicolò Pipitone, Franco Franceschini, Ilaria Cavazzana, Rossella Neri, Simone Barsotti, Veronica Codullo, Lorenzo Cavagna

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Arthritis, myositis and interstitial lung disease (ILD) constitute the classic clinical triad of anti-synthetase syndrome (ASSD). These patients experience other accompanying features, such as Raynaud's phenomenon, fever or mechanic's hands. Most ASSD patients develop the complete triad during the follow-up. In the present study we aimed to determine whether the subsequent appearance of accompanying features may suggest the development of triad findings lacking at the onset in anti-Jo1 positive ASSD patients.

METHODS: Anti-Jo1 positive patients presenting with incomplete ASSD (no >2 classic triad features) were assessed. Clinical characteristics and clusters of disease manifestations were retrospectively collected and analyzed in a large international multicenter cohort of ASSD patients.

RESULTS: 165 patients (123 women) with incomplete ASSD were identified. Ninety-five patients (57.5%) developed new classic triad manifestations after 15months median (IQR 9-51) and 40 (24%) developed new accompanying features after 19months median (IQR 6-56) from disease onset. During the follow-up, the ex-novo occurrence of triad features was observed in 32 out of 40 patients (80%) with new accompanying findings and in 63 out of 125 patients (50.5%) without new accompanying findings (p=0.002). In patients with at least one new accompanying feature the odds ratio for the occurrence of new triad manifestations was 3.94 with respect to patients not developing ex-novo accompanying findings (95% CI 1.68-9.21, p=0.002).

CONCLUSION: Anti-Jo1 ASSD patients with incomplete forms at disease onset are at high risk for the subsequent occurrence of lacking classic triad findings. Although all ASSD patients should be carefully assessed for the occurrence of new triad features, a closer follow-up should be considered in the subgroup of patients developing ex novo accompanying findings. These patients, indeed, have near four-fold increased risk for new classic triad manifestation occurrence with respect to patients not presenting ex novo accompanying findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-257
Number of pages5
JournalAutoimmunity Reviews
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

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Keywords

  • Autoantibodies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Ligases
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Raynaud Disease
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Syndrome
  • Journal Article
  • Multicenter Study
  • Review

Cite this

Bartoloni, E., Gonzalez-Gay, M. A., Scirè, C., Castaneda, S., Gerli, R., Lopez-Longo, F. J., Martinez-Barrio, J., Govoni, M., Furini, F., Pina, T., Iannone, F., Giannini, M., Nuño, L., Quartuccio, L., Ortego-Centeno, N., Alunno, A., Specker, C., Montecucco, C., Triantafyllias, K., ... Cavagna, L. (2017). Clinical follow-up predictors of disease pattern change in anti-Jo1 positive anti-synthetase syndrome: Results from a multicenter, international and retrospective study. Autoimmunity Reviews, 16(3), 253-257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autrev.2017.01.008