Clinical pharmacokinetics of cumulative very high dose of cisplatin in chemotherapy resistant solid tumors

M. T. Tebano, P. Carlini, A. Loizzo, M. Luzi, F. Petrucci, A. Alimonti, S. Caroli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cisplatin was administered to seven patients with advanced cancer in divided doses of 40 mg/m2 body surface daily for 5 consecutive days. The pharmacokinetics of total Pt was studied on the days 1, 3 and 5 of infusion. The renal function was assessed through the parameters usually applied in the clinical practice (serum creatinine leve, creatinine clearance, urinary volume). Pt pharmacokinetics and the renal function did not show modifications outside the normal range. However, on day 5 of treatment patients showed increased α-half life and AUC of plasma Pt, as well as decreased Pt total body clearance and Pt renal clearance, associated to a significant (although still within normal range) increase in serum creatinine and a decrease in urinary volume. Moreover, a correlation between Pt pharmacokinetics and renal parameters (measured as the difference between the values of days 1 and 5 of treatment) was also found: the increase in creatinine was directly related to a decrease in Pt renal clearance and inversely related to Pt peak level in urine, while the latter was inversely related to a reduction of Pt renal clearance. It was concluded that very high doses of cisplatin are well tolerated in patients, although some parameters might suggest early impairment of the renal function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-357
Number of pages7
JournalAnnali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita
Volume31
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • cisplatin
  • pharmacokinetics
  • renal function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Tebano, M. T., Carlini, P., Loizzo, A., Luzi, M., Petrucci, F., Alimonti, A., & Caroli, S. (1995). Clinical pharmacokinetics of cumulative very high dose of cisplatin in chemotherapy resistant solid tumors. Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita, 31(3), 351-357.