Clinical pharmacological approach for balancing the use of daptomycin and linezolid in comparison with that of vancomycin in the treatment of MRSA-related infections

Federico Pea, Nicola Petrosillo, Javier Garau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the most challenging bacterial pathogens responsible for severe infections among hospitalized patients. In recent years there is increasing evidence that the clinical efficacy of vancomycin is progressively decreasing. Although daptomycin and linezolid are valuable alternatives to vancomycin for the treatment of MRSA-related bloodstream infections and pneumonia, respectively, a great deal of debate exists about their role in daily clinical practice due to cost-effectiveness issues. In this article we put into perspective the importance of pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) considerations based on recent experimental and clinical data to argue whether they could be helpful in identifying clinical conditions in which these agents could be advantageous as compared to vancomycin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)927-937
Number of pages11
JournalExpert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • bloodstream infections
  • daptomycin
  • linezolid
  • MRSA
  • pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic
  • pneumonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Microbiology
  • Virology
  • Medicine(all)

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