Clinical relevance of consolidation radiotherapy and other main therapeutic issues in primary central nervous system lymphomas treated with upfront high-dose methotrexate

Michele Reni, Andrés J M Ferreri, Nandita Guha-Thakurta, Jean Yves Blay, Stefania Dell'Oro, Pierre Biron, Fred H. Hochberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the optimal dose of methotrexate (MTX) and the efficacy of other drugs, intrathecal chemotherapy (CHT), and radiotherapy (RT) in primary brain lymphomas. Methods and Materials: Two hundred eighty-eight immunocompetent patients with histologically documented, previously untreated primary brain lymphomas, receiving CHT containing high-dose MTX (≥1 g/m 2) with or without RT were selected from 19 prospective series. The impact on survival of the MTX dose (2 vs.≥3 g/m 2), the main drugs, intrathecal CHT, and combination CHT (mono-CHT vs. poly-CHT) was assessed, according to the intention-to-treat principle. The role of post-CHT irradiation (immediate vs. delayed RT) was evaluated in 119 patients with a complete response to CHT. The whole brain and tumor bed dose (2 (p = 0.04), thiotepa (p = 0.03), and intrathecal CHT (p = 0.03) improved the OS, and nitrosoureas (p = 0.01) correlated with a worse survival. In multivariate analysis, limited to patients receiving MTX ≥3 g/m 2, only the addition of cytarabine improved the OS; nitrosoureas reduced MTX efficacy. Of the 119 complete responders, 70 received immediate RT. A RT dose of ≥40 Gy to the whole brain or tumor bed did not improve OS. The 3-year OS was similar between the immediate and delayed RT groups. In multivariate analysis, RT delay had no negative impact on survival. Conclusions: MTX ≥3 g/m 2 seems to improve survival in primary brain lymphoma patients. The efficacy of additional drugs, except for cytarabine, remains unproved. Randomized trials are needed to confirm that RT withdrawal yields no detrimental effect in complete responders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-425
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2001

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Keywords

  • Consolidation radiotherapy
  • High-dose methotrexate
  • Intrathecal chemotherapy
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • Primary brain lymphomas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiation

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