Purpose: To assess the prognostic role of HER2 overexpression/amplification in patients with node-negative, pT1a-b breast cancers. Patients and Methods: All patients with HER2-positive breast cancer were identified among a population of 2,130 patients whose diseases were staged as pT1a-b, pN0 and who underwent surgery at the European Institute of Oncology from 1999 to 2006. A matched cohort was selected by using variables of hormone receptor status, age, and year of surgery. We estimated rates of local and distant recurrence, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) in the two groups. Results: We identified 150 consecutive patients with pT1a-b, pN0, HER2-positive tumors. No patient received adjuvant trastuzumab. The median follow-up was 4.6 years (range, 1.0 to 9.0 years). In the hormone receptor-positive group, 5-year DFS rates were 99% (95% CI, 96% to 100%) for HER2-negative disease and 92% (95% CI, 86% to 99%) for HER2-positive disease. In the hormone receptor-negative group, 5-year DFS rates were 92% (95% CI, 84% to 100%) for HER2-negative disease and 91% (95% CI, 84% to 99%) for HER2-positive disease. Overall, the hazard ratio (HR) associated with HER2 overexpression was 2.4 (95% CI, 0.9 to 6.5; P = .09). After analysis was adjusted for pT1 stage, hormone receptor-positive disease with HER2-positive status was associated with a worse prognosis (HR, 5.1; 95% CI, 1.0 to 25.7). OS in HER2-positive, pT1a-b, pN0 breast cancer was similar irrespective of the hormone receptor status (P = .93). Conclusion: Patients with node-negative, HER2 positive, pT1a-b breast cancer have a low risk of recurrence at 5 years of follow-up. In patients with hormone receptor-positive disease and pT1a-b, N0 tumors, HER2 overexpression was associated with a worse DFS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research