Whether sustained biochemical response and absence of serum HCV RNA in the 6-12 months following suspension of interferon-α (IFN-α) therapy effect definitive viral clearance in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is controversial. To obtain more information on this topic, HCV RNA was sought in both liver and serum samples of 25 long-term responders who were followed for a median period of 39 months (range 21-79) after discontinuation of IFN-α. Liver biopsy was undertaken before and 6 to 12 months after IFN-α withdrawal. Liver and serum HCV RNA were tested by a nested polymerase chain reaction. Twenty-two patients (88%) tested negative for both liver and serum HCV RNA, two patients had detectable HCV RNA in both liver and serum, and one patient showed persistent HCV RNA only in the liver. Post-treatment liver histology improved markedly in all patients, including those with viral persistence. During further follow-up, biochemical remission as maintained in all patients except one in whom both serum and liver specimens remained HCV RNA positive. The data indicate that the large majority of long-term responders test negative for HCV RNA in the liver, which suggests definitive eradication of HCV RNA infection.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Medical Virology|
|Publication status||Published - May 1998|
- Hepatitis C virus
- Liver HCV RNA
- Long-term responders
ASJC Scopus subject areas