Clinical, social and relational determinants of paediatric ambulatory drug prescriptions due to respiratory tract infections in Italy

Marta Luisa Ciofi Degli Atti, Marco Massari, Antonino Bella, Delia Boccia, Antonietta Filia, Stefania Salmaso, Raffaele Arigliani, Guido Brusoni, Vincenzo Calia, Giampiero Chiamenti, Michele Gangemi, Stefano Del Torso, Milena Lo Giudice, Vitalia Murgia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Collecting information on patterns of drug prescriptions and on factors influencing prescribing decisions is fundamental for supporting the rational use of drugs. This study was aimed at investigating patterns of drug prescription in paediatric outpatients and at evaluating determinants of prescriptions for respiratory tract infections (RTIs). Methods: We conducted a national cross-sectional survey involving primary care paediatricians and parents. Diagnoses and prescriptions made at each consultation were described. Poisson regression models were used to analyse determinants of drug and antibiotic prescriptions for visits due to RTIs. Results: A total of 4,302 physician and parent questionnaires were analysed. These corresponded to 2,151 visits, 792 of which were due to RTIs. Drugs were prescribed in 83.4% of RTI visits, while antibiotics were prescribed in 40.4%. According to paediatricians' perceptions, 84.2% of parents of children with a RTI expected to receive a drug prescription. Paediatricians' perception of parental expectations was the strongest determinant for prescription of drugs and specifically of antibiotics [adjusted relative risk (RR): 1.7 and 3.6, respectively; P <0.001]. However, in 77.1% of RTI visits, paediatricians judged themselves as not being influenced at all by parents' expectations in their decision to prescribe. Conclusions: This study underscores that relational factors, in particular perceived parental expectations, are one of the leading factors of drug prescriptions in paediatric ambulatory care settings, reinforcing the opinion that communication between physicians and parents can affect prescription patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1055-1064
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume62
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

Fingerprint

Drug Prescriptions
Respiratory Tract Infections
Italy
Pediatrics
Parents
Prescriptions
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Physicians
Prescription Drugs
Ambulatory Care
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Primary Health Care
Outpatients
Referral and Consultation
Cross-Sectional Studies
Communication
Pediatricians

Keywords

  • Ambulatory care setting
  • Child
  • Communication
  • Paediatrics
  • Parents
  • Physicians' prescription practices
  • Respiratory tract infections/diagnosis/drug therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

Clinical, social and relational determinants of paediatric ambulatory drug prescriptions due to respiratory tract infections in Italy. / Ciofi Degli Atti, Marta Luisa; Massari, Marco; Bella, Antonino; Boccia, Delia; Filia, Antonietta; Salmaso, Stefania; Arigliani, Raffaele; Brusoni, Guido; Calia, Vincenzo; Chiamenti, Giampiero; Gangemi, Michele; Del Torso, Stefano; Giudice, Milena Lo; Murgia, Vitalia.

In: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, Vol. 62, No. 12, 12.2006, p. 1055-1064.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ciofi Degli Atti, ML, Massari, M, Bella, A, Boccia, D, Filia, A, Salmaso, S, Arigliani, R, Brusoni, G, Calia, V, Chiamenti, G, Gangemi, M, Del Torso, S, Giudice, ML & Murgia, V 2006, 'Clinical, social and relational determinants of paediatric ambulatory drug prescriptions due to respiratory tract infections in Italy', European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, vol. 62, no. 12, pp. 1055-1064. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00228-006-0198-8
Ciofi Degli Atti, Marta Luisa ; Massari, Marco ; Bella, Antonino ; Boccia, Delia ; Filia, Antonietta ; Salmaso, Stefania ; Arigliani, Raffaele ; Brusoni, Guido ; Calia, Vincenzo ; Chiamenti, Giampiero ; Gangemi, Michele ; Del Torso, Stefano ; Giudice, Milena Lo ; Murgia, Vitalia. / Clinical, social and relational determinants of paediatric ambulatory drug prescriptions due to respiratory tract infections in Italy. In: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 2006 ; Vol. 62, No. 12. pp. 1055-1064.
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abstract = "Objectives: Collecting information on patterns of drug prescriptions and on factors influencing prescribing decisions is fundamental for supporting the rational use of drugs. This study was aimed at investigating patterns of drug prescription in paediatric outpatients and at evaluating determinants of prescriptions for respiratory tract infections (RTIs). Methods: We conducted a national cross-sectional survey involving primary care paediatricians and parents. Diagnoses and prescriptions made at each consultation were described. Poisson regression models were used to analyse determinants of drug and antibiotic prescriptions for visits due to RTIs. Results: A total of 4,302 physician and parent questionnaires were analysed. These corresponded to 2,151 visits, 792 of which were due to RTIs. Drugs were prescribed in 83.4{\%} of RTI visits, while antibiotics were prescribed in 40.4{\%}. According to paediatricians' perceptions, 84.2{\%} of parents of children with a RTI expected to receive a drug prescription. Paediatricians' perception of parental expectations was the strongest determinant for prescription of drugs and specifically of antibiotics [adjusted relative risk (RR): 1.7 and 3.6, respectively; P <0.001]. However, in 77.1{\%} of RTI visits, paediatricians judged themselves as not being influenced at all by parents' expectations in their decision to prescribe. Conclusions: This study underscores that relational factors, in particular perceived parental expectations, are one of the leading factors of drug prescriptions in paediatric ambulatory care settings, reinforcing the opinion that communication between physicians and parents can affect prescription patterns.",
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AU - Filia, Antonietta

AU - Salmaso, Stefania

AU - Arigliani, Raffaele

AU - Brusoni, Guido

AU - Calia, Vincenzo

AU - Chiamenti, Giampiero

AU - Gangemi, Michele

AU - Del Torso, Stefano

AU - Giudice, Milena Lo

AU - Murgia, Vitalia

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