Clinical trials among worker populations: The value and significance of anamnestic findings and clinical and instrumental tests for diagnosing work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limbs (WMSDs)

F. De Marco, M. G. Ricci, D. Bonaiuti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The authors discuss the value and significance of symptoms in WMSDs, in view of the fact that the anamnestic threshold proposed in epidemiological investigations cannot be used as clinical and diagnosing criteria. Some useful clinical procedures are suggested for cases where there is a suspicion of musculoskeletal disorders of the cervical spine and upper limbs, bearing in mind that they are to be applied within the framework of health surveillance programmes undertaken by health care practitioners who are not specialists in orthopaedics, physiatrics or neurology. The recommendations for instrumental tests and specialist referrals are also discussed for the various disorders. The authors also provide flow charts for the diagnostic procedures pertaining to WMSDs. The appendix shows a sample patient chart illustrating the proposed procedures; it also permits the findings to be encoded so that they can be stored in a dedicated database. The codes for diagnosing WMSDs are also reported for the same epidemiological purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1322-1339
Number of pages18
JournalErgonomics
Volume41
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1998

Keywords

  • Anamnestic findings
  • Clinical tests
  • Instrumental tests
  • Upper limb disorders
  • WMSDs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Psychology(all)
  • Applied Psychology

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