Clinical utility of FDG-PET for the differential diagnosis among the main forms of dementia

EANM-EAN Task Force for the Prescription of FDG-PET for Dementing Neurodegenerative Disorders

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

AIM: To assess the clinical utility of FDG-PET as a diagnostic aid for differentiating Alzheimer's disease (AD; both typical and atypical forms), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), vascular dementia (VaD) and non-degenerative pseudodementia.

METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted using the PICO model to extract evidence from relevant studies. An expert panel then voted on six different diagnostic scenarios using the Delphi method.

RESULTS: The level of empirical study evidence for the use of FDG-PET was considered good for the discrimination of DLB and AD; fair for discriminating FTLD from AD; poor for atypical AD; and lacking for discriminating DLB from FTLD, AD from VaD, and for pseudodementia. Delphi voting led to consensus in all scenarios within two iterations. Panellists supported the use of FDG-PET for all PICOs-including those where study evidence was poor or lacking-based on its negative predictive value and on the assistance it provides when typical patterns of hypometabolism for a given diagnosis are observed.

CONCLUSION: Although there is an overall lack of evidence on which to base strong recommendations, it was generally concluded that FDG-PET has a diagnostic role in all scenarios. Prospective studies targeting diagnostically uncertain patients for assessing the added value of FDG-PET would be highly desirable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1509-1525
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Volume45
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Alzheimer Disease
  • Dementia/diagnostic imaging
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • Humans
  • Lewy Body Disease
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • Prospective Studies

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