Clinical utility of home videos for diagnosing epileptic seizures: a systematic review and practical recommendations for optimal and safe recording

Epilepsy Study Group of the Italian Neurological Society

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The aim of the present systematic revision is to analyze existing published reports about the use of home-videos recordings (HVRs) to support physicians in the differential diagnosis of paroxysmal seizure-like episodes (PSLE). We also developed practical recommendations in order to ensure adequate quality standards and safety advice for HVRs. Material and methods: A comprehensive search of PubMed, Medline, Scopus, and Google Scholar was performed, and results were included up to July 2020. All studies concerning the use of HVRs as a diagnostic tool for patients presenting PSLE were included. Results: Seventeen studies satisfied all inclusion and exclusion criteria and were considered for the review. A consistent boost in diagnostic and clinical decision-making was reported across all studies in the literature. One study found that HVRs decreased the stress level in many families and improved their quality of life. Training in performing good-quality videos is necessary and increases the diagnostic value of HVRs. Conclusions: HVRs can be of diagnostic value in epilepsy diagnosis and management. HVRs are low cost, widespread, and may provide great support for neurologists. It is important to train patients and caregivers in performing good quality videos to optimize this useful tool and to guarantee safety standards during the recording.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeurological Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Differential diagnosis
  • Home videos
  • Paroxysmal nonepileptic events
  • Seizures
  • Smartphone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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