Because clinic blood pressure values are compromised by 2 major limitations-the alerting reaction to clinic measurements and the spontaneous blood pressure variability-they have only a limited correlation with average 24-hour blood pressure values. Whether the latter should be employed routinely in substitution for, or in addition to, traditional blood pressure measurements has not yet been determined, however. To date, average 24-hour blood pressure values have been shown to correlate more closely than clinic blood pressure values with the organ damage of hypertension. A correlation with organ damage has been shown also for a number of blood pressure values within the 24 hours. Nevertheless, the clinical importance of 24-hour blood pressure and blood pressure variability has never been confirmed by prospective controlled studies. This information needs to be obtained before this approach is routinely employed in the clinical practice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine