Clinical value of multidetector CT coronary angiography as a preoperative screening test before non-coronary cardiac surgery

Vincenzo Russo, Valentina Gostoli, Luigi Lovato, Maurizio Montalti, Antonio Marzocchi, Giampaolo Gavelli, Angelo Branzi, Roberto Di Bartolomeo, Rossella Fattori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Myocardial scintigraphy and/or conventional angiography (CA) are often performed before cardiac surgery in an attempt to identify unsuspected coronary artery disease which might result in significant cardiac morbidity and mortality. Multidetector CT coronary angiography (MDCTCA) has a recognised high negative predictive value and may provide a non-invasive alternative in this subset of patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of MDCTCA as a preoperative screening test in candidates for non-coronary cardiac surgery. Methods: 132 patients underwent MDCTCA (Somatom Sensation 16 Cardiac, Siemens) in the assessment of the cardiac risk profile before surgery. Coronary arteries were screened for ≥50% stenosis. Patients without significant stenosis (Group 1) underwent surgery without any adjunctive screening tests while all patients with coronary lesions ≥50% at MDCTCA (Group 2) underwent CA. Results: 16 patients (12.1%) were excluded due to poor image quality. 72 patients without significant coronary stenosis at MDCTCA were submitted to surgery. 30 out of 36 patients with significant (≥50%) coronary stenosis at MDCTCA and CA underwent adjunctive bypass surgery or coronary angioplasty. In 8 patients, MDCTCA overestimated the severity of the coronary lesions (>50% MDCTCA,

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1591-1598
Number of pages8
JournalHeart
Volume93
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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