Cloacal exstrophy and cloacal exstrophy variants: A proposed system of classification

G. A. Manzoni, P. G. Ransley, R. S. Hurwitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A coding system that documents the abnormalities within the cloacal exstrophy complex is presented. Analysis allows the classification of these abnormalities into classical and variant series in a logical manner. The application of the coding system to selected reported material is described and it demonstrates the similarities between apparently divergent cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1065-1068
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number4 II
Publication statusPublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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