Clofazimine: A useful antibiotic for drug-resistant tuberculosis

R Mirnejad, A Asadi, S Khoshnood, H Mirzaei, M Heidary, L Fattorini, A Ghodousi, D Darban-Sarokhalil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Drug resistance is still the major threat to global tuberculosis (TB) control, and drug-resistant (DR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) strains have become the main challenge worldwide. Currently used antibiotics for treatment of DR-TB are often poorly tolerated and not sufficiently effective. Since the therapeutic options are still limited, the main strategy for treatment of DR-TB is to repurpose existing anti-mycobacterial agents. Clofazimine (CFZ) is one such drug that has recently attracted interest against DR-TB. CFZ is a hydrophobic riminophenazine that was initially synthesized as an anti-TB antibiotic. Although the mechanisms of action of CFZ are not yet entirely understood, it has been suggested that outer membrane is its primary action site, and the respiratory chain and ion transporters are the putative targets. In this review, we will discuss the anti-mycobacterial properties of CFZ, and provide new insights into the clinical use of this drug. © 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1353-1359
Number of pages7
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
Volume105
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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