Cloning and characterization of human recombinant antibody Fab fragments specific for types 1 and 2 herpes simplex virus.

P. Cattani, P. Plaisant, S. Manzara, N. Capodicasa, R. Burioni, G. M. Rossolini, G. Satta

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Abstract

Twenty-six bacterial clones producing human recombinant Fab fragments specific for Herpes Simplex virus (HSV) antigens were obtained from an IgG1k human antibody combinatorial library displayed on filamentous phage, following panning against an HSV lysate. All the Fabs reacted against the HSV lysate in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and were able to recognize both type 1 and type 2 HSV in an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA). DNA sequencing of the heavy chain variable regions showed that these Fabs were different from those already described. One of these Fabs (Fab19) was purified and subjected to further characterization. Purified Fab19 was able to specifically recognize several different HSV-1 and HSV-2 strains (including 2 reference strains and 12 clinical isolates) in IFA. It was also able to neutralize the infectivity of both HSV-1 and HSV-2 strains, although the neutralizing activity was somewhat lower against HSV-2. In fact, 100% neutralization of infectivity was observed at a Fab concentration of 2 micrograms/100 TCD50 for the majority of HSV-1 strains, while a concentration of 8 micrograms/100 TCD50 was needed for 100% neutralization of all the HSV-2 strains tested. Owing to the above properties, Fab19 appears to be useful for diagnostic purposes and might also prove useful for in vivo immunoprophylaxis and therapy of HSV infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-142
Number of pages8
JournalNew Microbiologica
Volume18
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1995

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Cattani, P., Plaisant, P., Manzara, S., Capodicasa, N., Burioni, R., Rossolini, G. M., & Satta, G. (1995). Cloning and characterization of human recombinant antibody Fab fragments specific for types 1 and 2 herpes simplex virus. New Microbiologica, 18(2), 135-142.