Closed, phosphorylcholine-coated circuit and reduction of systemic heparinization for cardiopulmonary bypass: The intraoperative ECMO concept

Marco Ranucci, A. Pazzaglia, G. Isgrò, A. Cazzaniga, A. Ditta, A. Boncilli, M. Cotza, G. Carboni, S. Brozzi, C. Bonifazi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cardiopulmonary bypass with heparin-bonded circuits reduces systemic heparinization which is associated to a better clinical outcome in cardiac operations. In the present study, a novel biocompatible treatment, based on a phosphorylcholine coating without heparin, has been used to reduce systemic heparinization during cardiopulmonary bypass. Sixty patients underwent coronary revascularization with a fully phosphoryicholine-coated circuit. The circuit was entirely closed; suctions from the field were separated during the cardiopulmonary bypass time. A low systemic heparinization protocol based on half the loading dose of heparin (150 IU/kg) and a target activated clotting time of 320 seconds was applied. No thrombus formation inside the extracorporeal circulation circuit occurred; in-hospital mortality was absent. One patient (1.6%) had a postoperative myocardial infarction and 2 (3.3%) were surgically revised due to bleeding. Homologous blood transfusion rate was 11.6%, postoperative bleeding was 310 ± 136 ml. If compared to patients treated with heparin-coated circuits and low systemic heparinization, these patients have better platelet count preservation and lower postoperative bleeding. The low thrombogenicity of phosphorylcholine-treated surfaces, despite the absence of surface-immobilized heparin, allows a safe reduction of systemic heparinization in the setting of an ECMO-like intraoperative cardiopulmonary - bypass. This intraoperative ECMO approach offers promising results in terms of clinical outcome after coronary revascularization operations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)875-881
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Volume25
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2002

Keywords

  • Biocompatible materials
  • Cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Heparin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

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